Everyone is unique, and there is no one sport or activity that is right for all people with haemophilia. Your ability to participate in certain activities will depend on a number of individual factors, such as the severity of your condition, your bleeding history, the condition of your joints and muscles, and your physical capabilities. A good example is if you’ve experienced recurring ankle bleeds, then swimming might be a better option for you instead of jogging.
Clearly different sports are associated with different risks, which you will need to consider. In particular, contact sports such as football are usually associated with more injuries than non-contact sports, such as snorkeling, so should generally be avoided.
Although clotting factor replacement therapy has made it easier and safer for people with haemophilia to participate in sports and activities, bleeding due to injury is still a possibility with many sports. To help understand the different risks associated with different sports and exercise, the US National Hemophilia Foundation has categorised sports and exercise according to their level of risk. Some examples include:
Remember, it’s important to seek advice from your Haemophilia Treatment Centre, particularly your physical therapist, before engaging in any sport or exercise regimen. Once you and your Haemophilia Treatment Centre have agreed on a sport or activity that is right for you, there are a range of things you can then do to ensure that you reduce your risk of injury.